|Starch can be produced from potatoes. Other sources are maize and wheat.||Starch is a polysaccharide, which acts as a nutrient store in many plants, especially in potatoes and cereals. Starch consists solely of glucose molecules, bound with a-1,4 and, to a small degree, a-1,6 bonds, which means that the glucose molecules are easily separated by acids or enzymes.The two main components are amylose (~20%) and amylopectin (~80%).|
Starch is the most important form of carbohydrates and is almost completely cleaved in the gastro-intestinal tract. Starch provides the raw material for many sweeteners, such as glucose and glucose syrup, which in turn can be further purified to produce isoglucose, fructose and sorbitol.